1. A Quick Background of HTML

HTML history has a long way back when the internet was invented after the 90s. HTML founder, Tim Berners Lee developed the HTML at CERN Labs in 1991. The idea got popularity because he proposed the idea of sharing the documents between researchers and scientists comprising of a hypertext system. The medium to share the documents was the internet. Therefore, HTML markup history began in this simplest manner and the passage of time evolved it into modern HTML5.

Tutorial Contents:

  1. A Quick Background of HTML
  2. History of Browsers
  3. HTML Versions History

Following is the compact information concerning History of HTML:

Website: www.w3.org/
Founder: Tim Berners-Lee
Opensource: Yes
File Extension: .html or .htm
Developed By: W3C and WHATWG
Initial Release: 1991
Latest Release: December 2017
Extended From: SGML
Extended To: XHTML

1.1. Initial Release

HTML founder Tim Berners Lee initially published HTML description as “HTML TAGS in 1991 over the internet. Originally, that description included 18 tags and got a strong influence from SGML. Therefore, HTML is said to be extended from SGML. Later, that description set the foundation of modernized HTML. The most advanced and stable version of HTML is HTML5. Its creation started by WHATWG in 2004. Later, it became the partner with W3C in its delivery and completed on 28 October 2014.
Although, there are rumors about the HTML6 release date, yet it is not affirmed.

Importantly, there were numerous markup languages at that time but the concept behind the HTML was to make it universally adaptable and acceptable. Also, making it accessible for every browser and every user. Moreover, the markup was initially designed to manipulate simple static web-pages. Later, it revolutionized into providing some more vibrant, meaningful, and styled content.

1.2. Initial Use

Further, HTML history tells us that it was the official language of world-wide-web. It helped the scientists to produce their researches and journals and gave them the ability to share their documents. Also, the features of HTML include the facility to link documents with each other with the use of hyperlinks.

2. History of Browsers

After the invention of this super cool markup language, many companies began to create web-browsers. The intention was to display the markup correctly and this created a war-like scene between the companies. Thus, incorporating new HTML features in their browser day by day. This is the thrilling portion of HTML history.

2.1. Proprietary Tags

Furthermore, some companies developed their HTML tags besides browser creation and upgrading. Also, these HTML tags served as their proprietary tags since they worked only in their browsers. The <marquee>Some Text</marquee> tag would only work in Internet explorer. Likewise, <blink>Some Text</blink> would work for Firefox and so on. Resultantly, the markup developers got a new problem relating to their markup. Because their HTML code would work for one browser accurately and giving odd results for another because of proprietary tags.

2.2. Standardization

Eventually, to overcome the proprietary tags, an organization W3C worked hardly to standardize the markup. So, it released several HTML versions to help the web developer and coders to get out of this mess. Therefore, W3C timely released HTML 2.0, HTML 3.0, HTML 4.01 and now most latest version HTML5 and hope so, soon it will release HTML6.
Perhaps, HTML6 may come with many cool features and certainly, the markup will be minimalistic. This is how HTML versions’ history is progressing. This standardized markup practice makes it adaptable by all browsers defeating the problem of proprietary tags.

2.3. Popular Browsers

The following are some of the most popular browsers in 2020.

Browser Company Description
WorldWideWeb(Nexus) CERN This is the first browser in the history of the internet. Tim Berners Lee developed it as an open-source project to assist the scientists at Cern laboratories and discontinued it in 1994.
Internet Explorer Microsoft Inc Microsoft created this graphical interfaced browser in 1995. It has a series of browsers and incorporated in the Windows operating system as the default browser. Moreover, it has the latest form as Microsoft Edge.
Google Chrome Google Inc This most popular browser that came into existence in 2008. Chrome has a huge community of users. Also, its popularity is due to its fast speed, sleek interface, countless extensions and addons, and malware filtering.
Mozilla Firefox Mozilla Foundation This foundation developed it as Firefox later named as Mozilla Firefox. Mozilla Firefox has various features that give flexibility to the user to perform various tasks. Also, it gives a huge addon platform to assist the users. Further, the browser also provides malware filtering. It is also one of the most popular browsers today.
Opera Opera Softwares It was originally developed by Telenor as a research assistant in 1994. It is one of the top browsers and most popular on mobiles due to its speed and performance.
Safari Apple Inc The users of the iPhone and Mac get in touch mostly with the safari browser. It has fast speed and best content delivery system. Apple developed it in 2003.
UC Browser Alibaba Group As of 2018, the UC browser is the most popular mobile browser. Developed in 2004 and covered a large marketplace speedily. It provides the best performance for mobile users. It is best known for its speed and usability.

Do you know?

In 1995, Netscape spread all over the internet and was the most popular browser.

3. HTML Versions History

Following is the History of HTML versions along with particular dates. This timeline covers all HTML versions throughout the history and along with its release date. Lastly, the HTML6 release date is yet not confirmed.

HTML Versions Timeline

HTML6

Coming soon…

HTML5.2

December 14, 2017

HTML5.1

November 1, 2016

HTML5.0

October 28, 2014

HTML4.01

December 24, 1999

HTML4.0

December 18, 1997

HTML3.2

January 14, 1997

HTML2.0

November 24, 1995

HTML

1991

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